The Richest Man In History Is An African King Mansa Musa From Mali He Was Worth Over $400Billion. Read Full Story

REENACTMENT- Mansa Musa (played by John Phillips) looks over at his disciples. (Photo Credit: Cineflix International Media/ Darren Goldstein)

Musa Keita I came into power in 1312. When he was crowned, he was given the name Mansa, meaning king. It is said that Mansa Musa had conquered 24 cities, each with surrounding districts containing villages and estates, during his reign.

Mansa Musa was in charge of a lot of land. To put it into perspective, he ruled all (or parts) of modern day Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Chad.

His wealth was made known to the world during 1324 pilgrimage to mecca, crossing a distance of nearly 4000 miles. His procession reportedly included 60,000 men, including 12,000 slaves who each carried four pounds of gold bars and heralds dressed in silks who bore gold staffs, organized horses, and handled bags. Musa provided all necessities for the procession, feeding the entire company of men and animals. Those animals included 80 camels which each carried between 50 and 300 pounds of gold dust. Musa gave the gold to the poor he met along his route. Musa not only gave to the cities he passed on the way to Mecca, including Cairo and Medina, but also traded gold for souvenirs. It was reported that he built a mosque each and every Friday.

But Musa’s generous actions inadvertently devastated the economy of the regions through which he passed. In the cities of Cairo, Medina, and Mecca, the sudden influx of gold devalued the metal for the next decade. Prices on goods and wares greatly inflated. To rectify the gold market, on his way back from Mecca, Musa borrowed all the gold he could carry from money-lenders in Cairo, at high interest. This is the only time recorded in history that one man directly controlled the price of gold in the Mediterranean.

After reigning for 25 years, Mansa Musa died in 1337. He was succeeded by his son, Maghan I. “The king’s rich legacy persisted for generations and to this day, there are mausoleums, libraries, and mosques that stand as a testament to this golden age of Mali’s history.

His wealth is estimated at $400 Billion.


    • Thank you WeAfricanNations for posting this brief lifestory of the richest Malian King during the earlier Renaissance times (1300’s). I would like find me the African Kings and Queens biography paperback book for my personal library if I can. Thank you, Merci Beaucoup, Muchas Gracias, Grazia, Todah Rabah!!!!!!

  1. We have all this great history as Africans but we have docket them and we are now learning American,Uk,Spanish and others can’t find this history at our school library’s.

  2. The say “until the lion learns to tell his own story, the tales of hunting will always favour the hunter”. We as Africans must learn to tell and more importantly read our “wonderful and often inspiring” stories

  3. It is awesome to know that Mr. Mansua Musa was a wealthy black man. American only relates to white wealth, however off the backs of Egyptian wealth. White man is a good steward in maintaining goods and service and managing people and places, and things. In Africa, I can not imagine the wealth of a black man except in Africa it is real and true. Maghan 1 is still the quest for generational stewardship, money managers are good. Bless our heritage.

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